The Atlanta Neighborhood Union was founded in 1908 by 9 women. The Neighbourhood Union was lead and launched by Lugenia Burns Hope (wife of Morehouse College President John Hope). It was viewed as a prototype for grassroots organizing and social work. The Neighborhood Union had a profound impact on serving black community. Click the link to learn more.
The Neighborhood Union was officially chartered in 1911. It was viewed as a prototype for grassroots organizing and social work. At the time of its formation, Atlanta, GA was viewed as one of the most segregated cities in Georgia. Poor blacks living there often endured very poor living conditions and little to no access to quality health care and other community resources. At the time there no playgrounds where black children could play in the city.
The Neighborhood Union got its start in the West Fair neighborhood close to Morehouse College. Lugenia Hope recruited Morehouse student to do door-to-door canvassing and interviewing of neighborhood residents about their family circumstances and needs. Demographic data was collected to determine what kinds of programs would assist neighborhood residents. She used the information and her influence to encourage Morehouse College to provide daycare space, kindergartens and recreational facilities to help improve resources available to poor black families in the community. The Neighborhood Union divided the city into districts. Each district had a board of directors that investigated the living conditions in that particular area. The condition of schools in the area was of particular interest and concern. The Neighborhood Union petitioned the Atlanta Board of Education in 1913 to build new schools. Their data collection and lobbying efforts also led to an increase in teacher salaries. The Neighborhood Union also offered classes in various subjects. It sponsored health clinics and afterschool programs. In 1909 The Neighborhood Union began providing political advocacy when it petitioned the Atlanta City Council to rid the community of “a house of questionable character”. The organization also advocated for adequate lighting, sewage treatment, and replacing of dilapidated housing.
In the 1920’s The Neighborhood Union founded the Atlanta School of Social Work. In the 1930’s the organization began to decline. This was due in part to men’s organizations such as the Atlanta Urban League becoming active in the field of social welfare. Organizations of this kind often employed professional workers rather than students and grassroots community members. In what was then a much more male dominated society, the impact and reach of The Atlanta Neighborhood Union as an organization led by women is considerable; especially when one considers the impact of racism, classism, and gender bias that the organization must have faced in carrying out its work. The Atlanta Neighborhood Union was truly a pioneer and forerunner of community organizing and community development.