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African American Scientists

Jewel Plummer Cobb: African American Cancer Researcher and Scientist 

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jewel plumber cobb
Jewel Plumber Cobb (1924 – 2017)

Jewel Plummer Cobb (1924 – 2017) grew up in Chicago, Illinois. Her groundbreaking research studied the relationship between skin pigmentation and cancer. She was also a staunch advocate for increasing the number of women and students of color in STEM careers.  Her father, Frank Plummer was a doctor and her mother, Carriebel Cole Plummer, was physical education and dance teacher. Cobb’s grandfather was formerly enslaved man who received his freedom and graduated from Howard University in 1898, earning a degree in pharmacy. Continue reading “Jewel Plummer Cobb: African American Cancer Researcher and Scientist “

Dr. Betty Wright Harris:  African American Chemist And Inventor Who Patented Test To Detect Explosives

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Dr. Betty Wright Harris (1940 – )

Dr. Betty Wright Harris (1940 – ) was born in Monroe, Louisiana. She was the 7th of 12 children. Her parents were farmers. Her mother was also a school teacher who encouraged her children to pursue education. Harris started college at the age of 16. In 1961, She received a bachelor of science degree in chemistry with a minor in Mathematics from Southern University, a historically black college. In 1963, she earned her master of science degree in chemistry from Atlanta University, also a historically black college. She would then teach chemistry and math at the college level for ten years. During this time she worked at Mississippi Valley State University as well as Southern University.

She briefly worked for IBM before taking a position at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Harris obtained her Ph.D from New Mexico State University. It was at LANL that she began to specialize in the study of explosives and nuclear weapons. She developed an expertise in the clean up of environmental hazards as well as environmental restoration. She is recognized as a leading expert in these areas. In 1986 she received a patent for a “sensitive spot test” that she created to detect the presence of 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6 trinitrobeneze (TATB). This invention made it possible for the military as well as private industry to identify the presence of explosive materials. The Department of Homeland Security also utilizes the spot test to screen for nitroaromatic explosives.

Continue reading “Dr. Betty Wright Harris:  African American Chemist And Inventor Who Patented Test To Detect Explosives”

Rosalind Brewer Named Chief Operating Officer and Group President at Starbucks

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Rosalind Brewer

Rosalind Brewer, former CEO of Sam’s Club (a division of Walmart) has been named COO and group president of Starbucks. During her time at Sam’s Club, she maintained a focus on health and wellness; nearly doubling Sam’s Club’s offerings of organic items. Brewer is recognized as one of the most prominent business leaders in the U.S. She her role of CEO at Sam’s Club earlier this year. Brewer is also a member of Starbuck’s Board of Directors. In her role as COO, she will report to Starbucks CEO, Kevin Johnson.

Brewer was the first African American to hold a CEO role at Walmart. A native of Detroit, MI, she is a graduate of Cass Technical High School. She earned her bachelors degree in chemistry from Spellman College in Atlanta, GA and her masters degree from the Directors College at The University of Chicago Booth School of Business/Stanford Law School. Brewer is also a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha, Sorority, Inc.

She began her corporate careering working as a chemist for Kimberly Clark. She will start her new role at Starbucks in October. In 2016, Brewer was recognized as one of the world’s most powerful women in 2016, ranking No. 19 by Fortune and 57 by Forbes.

Sources:

https://www.bizjournals.com/atlanta/news/2017/09/06/starbucks-names-atlantas-rosalind-brewer-as-group.html

http://fortune.com/2017/09/06/starbucks-rosalind-brewer/

Kenneth Dunkley: African American Inventor Who Gave Us 3D Glasses

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African American Inventor Kenneth Dunkley (1939- ) created 3D glasses in 1986.


Sources: 

http://fenomlife.com/black-history-month-inventor-kenneth-j-dunkley-3-d-viewing-glasses-holography/

http://www.black-inventor.com/Kenneth-Dunkley.asp



Trivia Answer

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Earlier today we asked our Black Mail readers how many African American astronauts have flown space missions with NASA. The answer is 15! 4 women and 11 men!

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NASA’s African American Astronauts

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

Trivia

Trivia Question:  How many African American Astronauts have flown space missions for NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)?

A) 1

B) 5

C) 15

D) 22

Answer will be posted at 6pm EST

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