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54th Anniversary of “I Have A Dream Speech”

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

 

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Photo Credit: Library of Congress

August 28, 2017 marks the 54th anniversary of the historic “I Have A Dream Speech” given by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr, in Washington, DC during the March on Washington.  More than 200,000 flooded the capital for the historic speech.  Below are some little known facts about the March that you may not know.

  • The March on Washington along with the speech given by Dr. King was said to pressure President Kennedy to approve federal civil rights legislation in Congress.
  • Dr. King was not the “originator” of the “I have a dream” language contained in his speech. It is likely that this language was first used by then 22 year old Prathia Hall after the burning of the Mount Olive Baptist Church in 1962.  King had preached at a church service following the bombing.  Prathia Hall prayed during the service.  During her prayer she shared the “I have a dream” language.  Check out our previous Black Mail post for more information on Prathia Hall.  https://wordpress.com/post/blackmail4u.com/169
  • Originally, the speech was entitled, “Normalcy – Never Again” and did not contain any “I have a dream” wording. Dr. King was encouraged by gospel singer Mahalia Jackson who whispered to him during the speech, “Tell ‘em about the dream Martin.  Tell em’ about the dream.“
  • Dr. King was the last speaker of the day. Many of the march participants, had already left to return to their homes and missed the historic speech.
  • William Sullivan, head of the FBI’s domestic intelligence division wrote a memo after the speech labeling Dr. King “as the most dangerous Negro of the future in this nation from the standpoint of communism, the Negro, and national security.”
  • King’s speech, initially did not get much attention in the media. The march itself received most of the media attention.  By the time of King’s death in 1968, the speech, had been largely forgotten.
  • Dr. King first shared, “I have a dream” during a speech in Detroit two months before the March on Washington. Several of his staffers actually tried to discourage him from using the language again.

Check out a video excerpt of the speech:

Source(s):

Blackmail4u.com

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I47Y6VHc3Ms&feature=yout

http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2013/08/i-have-a-dream-speech-facts-trivia.html

http://www.cnn.com/2013/08/28/us/mlk-i-have-a-dream-9-things/index.html

Richard Ewell: 1st African American To Win National Figure Skating Title

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

 

richardewell
Richard Ewell

 

Richard Ewell was the first African American to win national skating titles in pair skating (1972) and singles skating (1970).  He won the pair skating title with African American skater Michelle McCladdie.  Ewell’s first figure skating coach was the legendary African American skater, Mabel Fairbanks.  Ewell later went on star in Icecapades and now coaches figure skating in California.

http://figureskating.about.com/od/profilesoffamousskaters/tp/afroamskaters.htm

http://figureskating.about.com/od/profilesoffamousskaters/tp/afroamskaters.htm

https://blackmail4u.com/2015/10/12/mabel-fairbanks-african-american-pioneer-in-figure-skating/

 

 

Thank Dr. Clarence Ellis When You Click An Icon On Your Computer!

Black History: Special Delivery!!

dr-clarence-ellis
Dr. Clarence “Skip” Ellis (1943 – 2014)

Dr. Clarence “Skip” Ellis (1943-2014) earned a Ph.D in Computer Science from the University of Illinois. He was the first African American to gain a Ph.D in this area of study.  A dedicated educator, he loved to teach students who were new to the field of study and who lacked experience.  Ellis was born and raised on the south side of Chicago.  Ellis was also instrumental in the development of “groupware” technology. This technology makes it possible for several people to collaborate on a document at the same time.  His work made it possible for programs such as Google Docs and Sharepoint software to be developed.  He is also credited with inventing the technology we now use to click “icons” on a computer screen to execute computer commands.

Continue reading “Thank Dr. Clarence Ellis When You Click An Icon On Your Computer!”

A Legend Honors A Legend: Stevie Wonder Reflects On Prince

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

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Stevie Wonder, was interviewed on CNN about how Prince influenced him.  A legend honors,  a legend!! Check out the video.

Singer Natalie Cole dead at 65

Black History: Special Delivery!!

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Singer, Natalie Cole has died at age 65. Her death reportedly stems from congestive heart failure. She is the daughter of Nat King Cole. Another phenomenal woman has left us. Check out the New York Daily News article below for more information

http://m.nydailynews.com/entertainment/music/singer-natalie-cole-dead-65-article-1.2482580

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“I Prayed For Twenty Years But Received No Answer Until I Prayed With My LEGS.” -Frederick Douglass

The Legacy Of Wilsonism

Click the link to learn more about the devastating impact of Woodrow Wilson’s presidency on African Americans.  You will also learn about how students at Princeton University (where Wilson served as college president) are rallying to expose his racist legacy!

The legacy of Wilsonism – http://wp.me/pzXeC-4f4

Originally posted on:
Humanizingthevacuum.wordpress.com

Posted from WordPress for Android

Negritude: Disorder Of Being Black

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

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Dr. Benjamin Rush is known as the “Father Of American Psychiatry”. He was also an abolitionist.  Rush believed that blacks suffered from a disorder he called “Negritude” due then having dark skin.   He described this condition as being akin to leprosy.  The only cure for the condition was to become white.

Dr. Rush sited the case of Henry Moss, a slave who lost his dark skin color (probably through vitigulo),  to support his claim of Negritude being a medical condition.  He thought being black was a curable skin disease.  Rush wrote that “Whites should not tyrannize over [blacks], for their disease should entitle them to a double portion of humanity. However, by the same token, whites should not intermarry with them, for this would tend to infect posterity with the ‘disorder’… attempts must be made to cure the disease.”

Some of our Black Mail readers may remember our previous post about “Drapetomania”, a condition used to that characterized the desire of slaves to run away and seek freedom as an illness.

Scientific racism is institutional and systemic. It exists today.

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African American Firsts In The NBA

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

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Bill Russell was an African American NBA player who played 13 seasons from 1956-1969. 4th African-American player to sign with the NBA team.  He was the first African American NBA coach (1966-1969).

Black Mail Fast Facts:  (From NBA.com)

The NBA shares a number of interesting sports related Black History Facts.  Check them out below:

  • 1968 First African American referee in the NBA (Ken Hudson)
  • 1971-72 First African American bench coach named (Earl Lloyd, Detroit Pistons)
  • 1972 First African American NBA General Manager named (Wayne Embry). He is the first black General Manager in professional sports.
  • 1972 First African American owner/coach elected to Basketball Hall of Fame as a significant contributor to the sport (Bob Douglass, New York Renaissance)
  • 1972 Title IX legislation prohibits sexual discrimination and mandates funding equity for women in sports in all federal funded educational facilities.
  • 1972 First African American head coach to win a NCAA Division I championship (John Thompson, Georgetown University)
  • 1997 First Season of the newly established WNBA, the sister league to the NBA
  • 2002 First African American owner of an NBA franchise team (Robert Johnson, Charlotte Bobcats)

Check out more black history facts from The NBA:

http://www.nba.com/sixers/blackhistorymonth

Check out some of our earlier posts:

Annie Lee: African American Artist Who Captured Black Americana Through Her Paintings

Mississippi Appendectomy: History of Involuntary Sterilization of African American Women

NASA Mathematician Recieves Medal of Honor

 

 

 

NASA Mathematician Recieves Medal Of Freedom

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

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Katherine G. Johnson is African American mathematician and physicist. In 1969 she calculated the flight path for NASA’s historic Apollo space mission to the moon.  Employed by NASA for over 30 years, she retired from  in 1986.

Johnson’s love for math dates back to her childhood. She recalls that she loved to “count everything”.  A gifted student, she graduated from high school at age 14.

On November 24, 2015, she was one of 17 individuals to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom.  She is truly a pioneer!  She is also a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc!  We salute you Soror Jackson!! Well done!

Click here to view the video of the event on NBCBLK.COM

http://www.nbcnews.com/video/nasa-mathematician-recieves-medal-of-honor-573771331621

 

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