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Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Black Mail Fast Fact: 1st African American Museum In The U.S.

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In 1868, the College Museum was founded at Hampton Institute (now Hampton University) by Samuel Chapman Armstrong (1839 – 1892). It is the oldest African American Museum in the U.S. Now known as the Hampton University Museum, it is still in operation on Hampton’s campus.

Armstrong was a white Union army general who commanded U.S. Colored Troops. Armstrong believed that education and training were essential to newly freed slaves. Armstrong worked worked with the Freedman’s Bureau and founded Hampton Normal Institute in 1868. One of his most famous pupils was Booker T. Washington. Washington greatly admired Armstrong and his approach to education. It was upon Armstrong’s recommendation that he was appointed to lead Tuskegee Institute. Washington patterned much of Tuskegee’s educational programming after Hampton Institute.

For more information on the museum, check out their website:

http://museum.hamptonu.edu

Sources:

http://museum.hamptonu.edu

http://www.hamptonu.edu/about/armstrong.cfm

Carole Simpson: Trailblazing African American Journalist

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Carole Simpson (1940 – ) is an award winning pioneer in the field of broadcast journalism. As an African American female journalist, she has achieved many “firsts” in the field.

Simpson was born in Chicago, IL in 1940. She excelled in school was encouraged to go into teaching because of the lack of opportunities available to women and people of color in the field of journalism.

Simpson attended the University of Illinois and then transferred to the University of Michigan where she graduated with a bachelor’s degree in journalism in 1962. She was the only African American journalism major in her graduating class. Her first job after college was working at Tuskegee University as a journalism instructor as well director of the university’s information department.

She began her broadcast career at WWTW, a public access station in Chicago. Simpson would go on to achieve several “firsts” throughout her 40 year career in journalism:

  • Simpson became the first woman to broadcast radio news in Chicago in 1965
  • She was also the first African American woman to anchor a major television network evening newscast when she joined NBC Nightly News in 1970
  • Simpson was also the first woman or minority to be the sole moderator of a presidential debate in 1992.

Simpson ended her broadcast career in 2003 but continued to work for ABC as an ambassador, traveling on behalf of the network visiting schools to educate students on the changing media landscape. She officially retired in 2006.

Throughout her career she experienced, racism sexism; still she persevered and continued to excel.   In 2007, Simpson joined Emerson College, in Boston, MA as a journalism instructor and leader in residence.

Simpson married James Marshall in 1965.  They have one daughter, Dr. Mallika Joy Marshall and one son, Adam Marshall.

Sources:

http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/literature-and-arts/journalism-and-publishing-biographies/carole-simpson

http://www.diversityjournal.com/10122-news-lady-the-carole-simpson-story/

http://www.blackenterprise.com/event/carole-simpson-legacy-journalism/

Diane Nash – Unsung Hero Of The Civil Rights Movement

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A native of Chicago, IL, Diane Nash (1938-) was one of the pioneering forces behind the Civil Rights movement. Nash and many other women  were champions of the movement.  She became active in the movement in 1959 as a new student at Fisk University in Nashville, TN.  While at Fisk she would encounter the harsh realities of segregation and prejudice that were previously unknown to her.  In 1959 she attended a workshop focused on non-violent protesting. She would quickly become a respected leader of Nashville’s “sit in” movement.  Her efforts were instrumental in organizing the first successful campaign to end segregation of lunch counters.  This effort engaged hundreds of black and white college students as volunteers.  She was also one of the founders of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).  SNCC would play a major role in the civil rights movement by engaging young college students in civil rights activism.  These efforts were successful and in 1960, Nashville became first southern city to desegregate lunch counters.  Continue reading “Diane Nash – Unsung Hero Of The Civil Rights Movement”

Morehouse College: Celebrating 150th Anniversary

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morehouse-otm

Morehouse College is a private historically black college (HBCU) for men. Morehouse opened its doors in 1867 to educated black males who were formerly enslaved to become ministers and teachers. It opened approximately 2 years after the close of the Civil War. Its original name was Augustus Institute and it was located in Augustus Georgia. The Augustus Institute relocated to Atlanta in 1879 and became the Atlanta Baptist Seminary. Classes were first held in the basement of Friendship Baptist Church. The school moved to its current location in the 1880’s after John D. Rockefeller donated land to the college.

Continue reading “Morehouse College: Celebrating 150th Anniversary”

Dr. Francis Sumner: 1st African American With Ph.D. In Psychology

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francis-sumner
Dr. Francis Sumner (1895-1954)

 

Dr. Francis Sumner (1895-1954) was born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas. After elementary school, Sumner was home-schooled by his parents. He was able to pass the entrance exam for Lincoln University even without having attended high school.  Because he did not attend high school, Sumner had to pass a written exam in order to be admitted. He passed the exam and began his studies at age 15. He graduated magna cum laude with honors in 1915. He then attended Clark University where he obtained a bachelor of arts in English in 1916. Sumner returned to Clark University to complete his Ph.D in psychology. He was unable to start his doctoral studies due to be drafted into the army during World War I. He re-enrolled after completing military service and graduated with his Ph.D in 1920 at Clark University. Sumner became a professor and also began to publish research.

His first teaching position was Wilberforce University in Ohio. He would later teach at other universities as well. In publishing his research, he encountered many barriers. Many research agencies refused to fund his research because he was black. In publishing articles, Sumner was outspoken in criticism of colleges and universities and their treatment of African American students. He would later go on to become one of the founders of the psychology department at Howard University. He chaired the department from 1928 until his death in 1954

Throughout, Sumner investigated ways to refute racism and bias prevalent in many psychological theories that suggested the inferiority of African Americans.

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Reference

Thomas, R. (2006). “Sumner, Francis Cecil.” African American National Biography, edited by Henry Louis Gates Jr, edited by Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Oxford African American Studies Center.

 

http://www.apa.org/pi/oema/resources/ethnicity-health/psychologists/sumner-prosser.aspx 

http://legacy.earlham.edu/~knigher/personal%20biography.htm

Trivia Question: Which Celebrity Did NOT Attend A Historically Black College or University (HBCU)?

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 Trivia

 Black Mail Trivia:

Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) have graduated some of our nation’s brightest! All of the people on this list except one attended an HBCU. Can you guess the person on this list who did not attend an HBCU? Comment with your answer. Continue reading “Trivia Question: Which Celebrity Did NOT Attend A Historically Black College or University (HBCU)?”

Lincoln University: First Degree Awarding Historically Black College (HBCU) in the U.S.

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Lincoln University
Lincoln University

Lincoln University is the first degree awarding historically black college and university in the United States. Located in Pennsylvania, it was founded in 1854, by John Miller Dickey and his wife Sarah Emlen Cresson. It was originally founded as Ashmun Institute; named after religious leader and social reformer, Jehudi Ashmun to provide education to young men of African descent. It is

John Dickey served as the first president of the university. The name was changed from Ashmun Institute to Lincoln University in 1866 after the assassination of President Lincoln. Lincoln University’s first African American president, Dr. Horace Mann Bond was appointed in 1945. The university began accepting female students in 1952. It is affiliated with the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and is considered a state run coeducational accredited university. Famous alumni include poet, Langston Hughes, Supreme Court justice, Thurgood Marshall, and microbiologist Hildrus A. Poindexter know for his work and research of tropical diseases. Nigeria’s first president, Nnamdi Aikiwe and the first Prime Minister of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah are also graduates.

In 1946, Nobel Prize winning physicist, Albert Einstein visited Lincoln University and gave a speech in which he called racism, “a disease of white people” and further added that he, “did not intend to be quiet about it”. Einstein was given an honorary degree by the University. Lincoln University current has about 2,000 students.

Albert Einstein lecturing on the theory of relativity at Lincoln University in 1946
Albert Einstein lecturing on the theory of relativity at Lincoln University in 1946

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Did you miss our earlier post?  Click here to learn about black inventor Mary Beatrice Davidson Skinner!

HBCU VINTAGE VIDEO

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Check out this great video on the importance of HBCU’s during Would War II from blacktimetravel.com

http://blacktimetravel.com/heres-how-black-colleges-were-perceived-during-world-war-ii/

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