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Mind The Gap: Clinical Signs & Symptoms Handbook For Black & Brown Skin Created By Medical School Student, Malone Mukwende

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

Malone Mukwende

Malone Mukwende was born in Zimbabwe.  His interest in science and medicine developed at an early age.  After entering medical school at St. George’s University of London, 3 years ago, Mukwende observed that representations of black and brown patients were largely left out of study materials and textbooks.  This concerned because he and his classmates were only being taught how to diagnose conditions on white patients. Mukwende noted, “There was a lack of signs and symptoms on Black and Brown skin… and I didn’t understand why we weren’t getting taught the full spectrum of people. I’d ask people for answers and I couldn’t get the answer… I decided I needed to do something to challenge this issue myself.”

Continue reading “Mind The Gap: Clinical Signs & Symptoms Handbook For Black & Brown Skin Created By Medical School Student, Malone Mukwende”

Black Mail Quote

Black History: Special Delivery!!

Inequities and disparities are toxins planted with intention and inattention into the souls, soil, and systems within our communities. Our ‘strategies of choice’ in addressing inequities and disparities too often prioritize the comfort of the oppressor over and above the liberation of the oppressed.

Enid Gaddis, ©2021 All Rights Reserved

Barber History: Roots In Ancient Egypt

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

Antique Barber Chair Types and Values | LoveToKnow

The barber profession originated in ancient Egypt, where razor blades from as early as 3500 BC have been discovered.  Barbers played important health care and spiritual roles.   Many people preferred to remain clean-shaven to avoid skin diseases.  It was also believed that evil spirits would enter the body through the hair and that the only way to remove the spirits was by cutting the hair.  Barbers would also frequently perform religious ceremonies such as weddings and baptisms as well. 

In the US during the 19th century, barbershops that were black-owned would often cater to white clientele exclusively because white patrons would not want to have their hair cut if the instruments had been used on black people.  This was also true in the north. Following emancipation, black barbers began to serve both black and white clients.  Over time, the barbershop would firmly establish itself as a place of community and connection for Black men.  The number of barbershops slowly began to decline as education requirements licensure requirements increased. 

Henry M. Morgan established Tyler Barber College in 1934, in Tyler, TX.  It was the first national chain of barber colleges for African Americans.  The school grew rapidly until close to 80% of all black barbers in America received training at Morgan’s schools.  In 1934, Henry M. Morgan established Tyler Barber College, the first national chain of barber colleges for African Americans, in Tyler, Texas.

Henry Miller Morgan Tyler Barber College Museum - Photos | Facebook
Henry Morgan Barber College
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Dr. Robert Bullard: The Father Of Environmental Justice

Black History:  Special Delivery!!

Robert Bullard (1946 – ) is known as the “father of environmental justice.”  Bullard is the former dean of Barbara Jordan-Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs at Texas Southern University.  He currently serves as Distinguished Professor of Urban Planning and Environmental Policy. Bullard was the founding director of the Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University.  He received a Ph.D from Iowa State University and is also a Marine Corp veteran. 

Bullard is widely recognized in the United States for his trailblazing efforts in the 1970’s when he worked tirelessly to highlight the negative impacts of pollution on communities of color.  He has been a leading advocate fighting against environmental racism since the 1980’s.  Bullard is also the author of 18 environmental justice books.  Environmental justice promotes the principle that everyone is entitled to equal environmental protection regardless of race, color, or national origin and that everyone has the right to live, work, and play in a clean environment. 

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Celebration In Lieu Of Transformation: Reflections On Black History Month

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Celebration In Lieu Of Termination: Reflections On Black History Month

Celebration in lieu of transformation is embodied in individual and collective tendencies to prefer the aesthetics of giving “accolades” over and above, embracing the accountability to take action against

The celebration of historical figures and events in place of taking a stand against present-day oppression reveals these overtures and acknowledgments for what they really are……

Performative transactions, posted, peddled, and positioned with precision on social media in
January/February to a chorus of likes and loves. 

Rosa, Martin, Fannie, Harriet…… If you really want to honor their legacy, do what
they did……


Retreating to the safety of the “symbolic” leaves the call to action unanswered.     

Celebration centers comfort while transformation centers accountability. 

I can think of no better way to celebrate the contributions of black lives past, present, and future, than to act with intention in ways that disrupt and dismantle systems of oppression

©Copyright 2021, All Rights Reserved

Acupuncture & Activism: Dr. Mutulu Shakur & The People’s Drug Program

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Dr. Mutulu Shakur (1950 – )

Established on 1970, The People’s Drug Program was launched at Lincoln Hospital in New York by the Young Lords, the Black Panther Party, and other community activists. The Young Lords is a Puerto Rican liberation organization founded in 1968. The Black Panther Party was Black power political organization founded in 1966. Instrumental in this cause was Mutulu Shakur, a member of the black liberation group, the Republic of New Afrika.  Shakur was interested in the use of acupuncture to treat addiction.  Shakur became aware of acupuncture when his son received it after a car accident.    Shakur received training and began to practice acupuncture as part of the People’s Drug Program in 1971 along with Walter Bosque and other community volunteers. 

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Dr. Margaret Morgan Lawrence: Trailblazing Child Psychiatrist & Pediatrician

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Dr. Margaret Morgan Lawrence (1914 – 2019) was a trailblazing pediatrician and psychoanalyst. Born in New York City, Lawerence grew up in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and later returned to New York to complete high school.  Her interest in pursuing a career in mental health and medicine resulted from her family’s grief when her older brother died of a congenital medical condition before his first birthday. This was 2 years before Lawrence was born. Her family’s grief motivated her to pursue a medical career, hoping that she could save other children from meeting the same fate as her brother.  

In 1932, Lawrence arrived in Ithaca, NY as the sole black undergraduate at Cornell University.  She was not allowed to live on campus due to her race.  Instead, she lived with a white family and did domestic work in exchange for room and board. Lawrence completed her undergraduate degree with excellent grades but was denied admission to Cornell’s Medical School due to her race.  She was later accepted to Columbia University Of Physicians and Surgeons under the condition that white patients could refuse treatment.    She was its only black student of 104 total students in 1940 and one of only ten women.  At Columbia, she was mentored by Dr. Charles Drew, the only black faculty member, and the modern-day blood bank founder. 

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When You Think About Fresh Pressed Juices & Smoothies: Think About Black Inventor Madeline M. Turner

Black History – Special Delivery!!

Madeline M. Turner invented Turner’s Fruit Press.  Her invention is believed to be the original blueprint and design on which many modern juicers are based.  Turner was inspired to create her juice press one morning when she struggled to hand squeeze a cup of orange juice. 

Turner’s invention helped pave the way for “juicing” to become a lucrative business endeavor. She was granted a patent for her fruit press machine on April 25, 1916 (U.S. Patent #: 1,180,959). Her invention was praised as “ingenious” due to its ease of use and its easy to clean design.  Norman Walker, a white businessman, is credited with inventing the first mechanical juice maker in the 1930s. However, Turner’s invention preceded his by nearly 20 years! The invention was first debuted in San Diego, CA.  From 1948 to 2014, seven other patents have referenced her invention and patent. In 2020, the juice and smoothie industry boasted a revenue of $2.6 billion!

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Remembering Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr Where Do We Go From Here? – Part 3 of 3

Black History: Special Delivery!!

We conclude our remembrance of the King holiday with a final quote from Dr. King’s book Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos Or Community. It should not be lost on any of us how relevant Dr. King’s perspective continues to be 50+ years following his death and the publication of this book. Today’s quote embodies King’s mission to eradicate hatred in the form of racism, discrimination, and other forms of oppression. King’s efforts were powered by a sense of justice and rooted in his love for all men. King believed that justice was love in action! We salute the legacy of Dr. King and all those who led and continue to lead the fight for equity and justice!

Today’s quote: “Power at its best is love implementing the demands of justice. Justice at its best is love correcting everything that stands against love.” Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

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